THIS WEEK IN HISTORY AND COMMUNITY COLLAGE

Alice in Hotel Libby

Morgan Hayes and Raymond Miller of the Pitiful Players perform a skit from “Alice in Wonderland” during Hotel Libby’s annual tea party held on June 9. Next year’s tea will feature Edgar Allan Poe. Photo courtesy of Keith Myers.

Circus animal rides

Jordan World Circus came to Libby on Saturday June 9. Circus goers not only saw aerial acts and three rings of fun, they had the unique opportunity to ride both an elephant and a camel. Photos by Moira Blazi, The Montanian

Folfing at J. Neils Park

June 20

 

1214: The University of Oxford received its charter.

1787: At the Federal Convention in Philadelphia, Oliver Ellsworth moved to call the country the United States.

1840: Samuel Morse received the patent for the telegraph.

1877: Alexander Graham Bell installed the world’s first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

1948: Toast of the Town, later The Ed Sullivan Show, made its television debut.

1963: The so-called “red telephone” was established between the Soviet Union and the United States following the Cuban Missile Crisis.

 

June 21

 

1982: John Hinckley was found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan.

2004: SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.

 

June 22

 

1944: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, commonly known as the G.I. Bill.

1981: Mark David Chapman changed his plea to guilty and admitted he murdered John Lennon in December 1980.

 

June 23

 

1860: Congress established the Government Printing Office and the Secret Service.

1868: Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the “Type-Writer.”

1960: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first oral contraceptive pill in the world.

 

June 24

 

1374: The first recorded outbreak of St. John’s Dance caused people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapsed from exhaustion.

1846: The saxophone was patented by Adolphe Sax in Paris, France.

1916: Mary Pickford became the first female film star to sign a $1 million contract.

1947: Kenneth Arnold made the first widely reported UFO sighting, near Mount Rainier, Washington.

1949: The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, aired on NBC starring William Boyd.

 

June 25

 

1788: Virginia ratified the U.S. Constitution and became the 10th state.

1876: Custer’s Last Stand took place at the Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana; Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and 267 soldiers under his command were killed by 5,000 warriors of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapahoe tribes.

1947: The Diary of a Young Girl, better known as The Diary of Anne Frank, was published.

1949: Long-Haired Hare starring Bugs Bunny was released in theaters.

2009: Entertainer Michael Jackson died of heart failure at his rented mansion in Brentwood, Calif. He was 50. Jackson was one of the most famous people in history, known on every continent to approximately one-fourth of the world’s population.

 

June 26

 

1870: Christmas was declared a federal holiday in the United States.

1906: The first Grand Prix motor racing event was held in Le Mans, France.

1934: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Federal Credit Union Act, which established credit unions.

1938: Born this day: Neil Abercrombie, seventh governor of Hawaii, and singer Billy Davis Jr. (The 5th Dimension).

1945: The United Nations Charter was signed in San Francisco.

1948: The Western allies began an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin.

1953: Lavrentiy Beria,head the late Josef Stalin’s secret police, was arrested by Nikita Khrushchev and other members of the Politburo, tried for treason, convicted, and executed, all on the same day.

1959: The Saint Lawrence Seaway opened, opening North America’s Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.

1960: Madagascar gained its independence from France.

1963: President John F. Kennedy gave his famous “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech, underlining the support of the United States for democratic West Germany shortly after Soviet-supported East Germany erected the Berlin Wall. (Contrary to popular myth, the German phrase he uttered three times in the speech does not mean “I am a jelly-filled donut.”)

2000: President Clinton announced the completion of the first survey of the entire human genome.