HISTORY, HAPPENINGS

June 16

 

1624: Virginia becomes an English crown colony following the bankruptcy of the London Company.

1858: Abraham Lincoln,
in accepting the Republican
nomination for the U.S. Senate in Illinois, declares that,
“A house divided against itself cannot stand.”

1902: “The Wizard of Oz” musical first opens in Chicago, Illinois.

1980: US Supreme Court rules that live, human-made micro-organisms created in labs could be patentable, in
Diamond v. Chakrabarty.

 

June 17

 

1775: Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it was Breed’s Hill).

 

 

1942: Yank, a weekly
magazine for the U.S. armed services, begins publication.

1994: Millions of Americans watch former football player O.J. Simpson–facing murder charges–drive his Ford Bronco through Los Angeles, followed by police.

 

June 18

 

1178: Five monks at
Canterbury report something exploding on the moon shortly after sunset (only known
observation).

1898: US Open Men’s Golf, Myopia Hunt Club: Scotsman Fred Herd easily wins by 7 strokes from countryman Alex Smith; first 72-hole US Open.

1961: CBS radio cancels
Gunsmoke.

1968: Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale and rental of housing.

 

 

June 19

 

1770: Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion.

1910: The first Father’s
Day is celebrated in Spokane, Washington.

1938: “Olympian Flyer” express train crashes in Montana, killing 47.

1988: 32 divers finish cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins.

 

June 20

 

1756: Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian
civilians are imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta,
India where most die from
suffocation and heat exhaustion

1963: Beatles form “Beatles Ltd” to handle their income.

1977: Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez.

 

 

 

June 21

 

1877: The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill
County and Carbon County,
Pennsylvania prisons.

1942: 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record).

1964: Three civil rights workers, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney, disappear after being released from a Mississippi jail, later found murdered by
members of the Ku Klux Klan.

 

 

June 22

 

168 BC: Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeat and capture Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War.

1844: Influential North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon is founded at Yale University.

1990: Florida passes a law
which prohibits wearing a thong bathing suit.

The Women Behind Father’s Day

“The Forgotten History of
Father’s Day”
by Aurelia C. Scott

Grace Golden Clayton

The first known
Father’s Day service
occurred in Fairmont, West Virginia, on July 5, 1908, after hundreds of men died in the worst mining accident in U.S. history.

Grace Golden Clayton, the daughter of a dedicated minister, proposed a service to honor all fathers, especially those who had died.
However, the observance did not become an annual event, and it was not promoted; very few people
outside of the local area knew about it. Meanwhile, across the entire country, another woman was inspired to honor fathers…

 

Sonora Smart Dodd

In 1909, Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Washington, was inspired by Anna Jarvis and the idea of Mother’s Day. Her father, William Jackson Smart, a farmer and Civil War veteran, was also
a single parent who raised Sonora and her five brothers by himself, after his wife Ellen died giving birth to their youngest child in 1898. While attending a Mother’s Day church service in 1909, Sonora, then 27 years old, came up with the idea.

Within a few months, Sonora had convinced
the Spokane Ministerial
Association and the YMCA
to set aside a Sunday in June to celebrate fathers. She proposed June 5, her father’s birthday, but the ministers chose the third Sunday in June so that they would have more time after Mother’s Day (the second Sunday in May) to prepare their
sermons. Thus, on June 19, 1910, the first Father’s Day events commenced: Sonora delivered presents to handicapped fathers, boys from the YMCA decorated their lapels with fresh-cut roses (red for living fathers, white for the deceased), and the city’s ministers devoted their homilies to fatherhood.

 

Courtesy of alamanac.com