1707: The last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan occurred.
1773: Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawk Indians boarded a British ship in Boston Harbor and threw overboard the ship’s cargo of tea, to protest the “tea tax.” The event became known as the Boston Tea Party.
1811: The first two in a series of four severe earthquakes occurred in the vicinity of New Madrid, Mo. These four so-called mega-quakes are believed to be an ongoing cataclysmic danger that could affect eight of today’s heartland states of the United States.
1937: Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe escaped from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay. Neither was ever seen again and were presumed to have drowned.
.1998: Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox – the United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq
2004: NASA’s Voyager 1 spacecraft is the 1st to cross the termination shock, where solar and interstellar winds merge
497 BC: The first Saturnalia festival was celebrated in ancient Rome.
1538: Pope Paul III excommunicated Henry VIII of England.
1935: The first flight of the Douglas DC-3 took place over Southern California. Born this day
1938: German chemist Otto Hahn discovered the nuclear fission of the heavy element uranium, the scientific and technological basis of nuclear energy.
1997: The British Firearms Act came into force, banning all handguns with the exception of antique and show weapons.
2010: The Tunisian Revolution and the wider so-called “Arab Spring” began when a street vendor named Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire in the city of Ben Arous.
2014: The United States and Cuba re-established diplomatic relations after severing them in 1959.
2015: José Mourinho is sacked as manager of British Premier football club Chelsea
2015: Martin Shkreli, CEO of Turing Pharmaceuticals is arrested on fraud charges in New York by the FBI
2015: Libyan warring political factions sign a UN-brokered deal to form a unified government
2017: French sailor François Gabart sets round-the-world record for fastest solo navigation of the globe in 42 days 16 hours
1788: New Jersey ratified the U.S. Constitution.
1915: America’s 28th president, Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921), married Edith Galt at her home. He became the third president to marry while in office.
1920: 1st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
1923: International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco
1932: National Football League Championship; Playoff, Chicago Stadium: Chicago Bears beat Portsmouth Spartans, 9-0
1948: WDSU TV channel 6 in New Orleans, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949: National Football League Championship, Philadelphia Eagles beat Los Angeles Rams, 14-0; played in driving rain that caused field to become a mud pit
1952: Ellis W Ryan resigns as Cleveland Indians president
1953: KATV TV channel 7 in Little Rock, AR (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953: KMID TV channel 2 in Midland & Odessa, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1960: General Meeting of UN condemns apartheid
1966: Saturn’s moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.
1968: USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR
1969: “Coco” opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 333 performances
1970: Polish uprising fails
1971: 1st Candlelight Processional at the EPCOT Center, Disney World
1972: US launches Operation Linebacker II, its heaviest bombing of North Vietnam, as negotiations to end the Vietnam War collapse
1973: Soyuz 13 launched into Earth orbit for 8 days
1972: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returned to Earth.
1984: The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that the People’s Republic of China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997, was signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
1995: The U.S. government restored federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indian tribe in southern Michigan.
2013: 81 people are injured after part of the ceiling caved in at London’s Apollo Theatre
2014: The Guardian newspaper calls 2014 ‘The year the people stood up’
2015: Third Democratic presidential candidates debate, broadcast by ABC, held in Goffstown, New Hampshire
2018: First use of a drone to deliver vaccines – to island of Erromango, Vanuatu, by Unicef2019: Australian state of New South Wales announces 7-day state of emergency amid extreme heat and over 100 bushfires that have burnt for two months
2019: Earliest fossilized trees, 386 million years old, found at a quarry in Cairo, New York, study published in “Current Biology”
1892: Alexander Brown and George Stillman of Syracuse, New York, received the first patent on an inflatable automobile tire.
1959: 10th largest snowfall in NYC history (13.7″)
1959 Citizens of Deerfield Ill block building of interracial housing
1961: Beatles record “Sweet Georgia Brown” & “Ready Teddy”
1996: Apollo 8: 1st manned Moon voyage launched with Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders
1969 Vince Lombardi (Redskins) coaches his last football game
1970: Oregon v. Mitchell Supreme Court case was decided, lowering the minimum voting age in U.S. federal elections to 18. The voting age for state and local elections was left to states discretion
1971: UN Security Council chooses Kurt Waldheim as 4th Secretary-General
1972: Soviet Union signs a separate peace with East Germany
1973: Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, US & USSR meet in Geneva to discuss the Arab-Israeli conflict
1974: Raiders RB Clarence Davis somehow catches game-winning touchdown pass among “the sea of hands” of three Dolphins defenders with 24 seconds left in the game, eliminating Miami from the playoffs, 1st time in 3 years
1975: “Hello, Dolly” closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 51 performances
1808: The iconic Fifth Symphony by Ludwig von Beethoven premiered in Vienna, Austria, with Beethoven himself conducting.
1936: Born this day: Author James Burke (The Day The Universe Changed), and Polish filmmaker Voytek Frykowski (murdered by Manson family in 1969).
1937: The Lincoln Tunnel opened to traffic in New York City.
1823: A Visit from St. Nicholas, also known as The Night Before Christmas, was published anonymously in the Troy, New York, Sentinel.
1919: The United Kingdom outlawed sexual discrimination.