This Week in History

September 29


1789: US War Department establishes
a regular army.

1793: Tennis is 1st mentioned in an English sporting magazine.

1829: The first units of the London
Metropolitan Police appear on the streets of the British capital.

1916: American oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller becomes the world’s first billionaire.

1950: Telephone Answering Machine created by Bell Laboratories.

1954: The first remake of “A Star Is Born”, starring Judy Garland & James Mason premieres at the Pantages
Theatre, Los Angeles.


September 30


1659: Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe).

1791: Mozart’s opera “Magic Flute” premieres in Vienna.

1880: American amateur astronomer Henry Draper takes the 1st ever photograph of the Orion Nebula.

1934: Babe Ruth’s final game as a Yankee, goes 0 for 3.

1946: 22 Nazi leaders, including
Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials.


October 1


1868: “Little Women” by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by
Roberts Brothers of Boston.

1880: John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band.

1891: Stanford University, California opens its doors after being founded by Leland Stanford and his wife Jane with a $40M donation (1891 dollars),
in memory of their son. Among its first graduation class, future US President Herbert Hoover.

1918: World War I: Arab forces
under T. E. Lawrence (“Lawrence
of Arabia”) capture Damascus.


October 2


1552: Conquest of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible.

1614: French King Louis XIII declared an adult at 13.

1789: George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.

1872: Phileas Fogg sets out on his
journey as depicted in Jules Verne’s “Around the World in Eighty Days.”

1950: 1st strip of Charlie Brown, “Li’l Folks”, later “Peanuts”, by Charles M. Schulz published in seven nationwide papers .


October 3


1778: Captain James Cook anchors at Alaska.

1849: American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

1888: Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and
his team complete first known crossing of Greenland interior, arriving in


October 4


1883: The Orient Express departs on
its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul.

1915: Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado & Utah is established.

1949: United Nations’ permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated.

1969: Last wooden passenger subway cars retired at Brooklyn Myrtle Beach.

1976: Supreme Court lifts 1972 ban on death penalty for convicted murderers.


October 5


1905: Orville and Wilbur Wright’s “Flyer III” flight 38.5 km in 38.3.”

1950: Boston Celtics owner Walter Brown & coach Red Auerbach draw
lots out of hat for 3 members of
defunct Chicago Stags franchise;
hit jackpot with future 6-time NBA champion, Bob Cousy.

1962: The Beatles release their first record, “Love Me Do.”


September 29 – VFW Day


Members of the organization named
Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW)
today hold a long-standing history of
volunteerism in their communities.
Not only have they served their country, but they continue to serve their fellow
veterans, families, and communities by sponsoring scholarships, career fairs, mental wellness
campaigns, and so many more excellent services.






October 1 – SHARE A SMILE

On the first Friday in October, World Smile Day devotes a day to smiles and spreading random acts of kindness.











Get one, two or three on National Taco Day. October 4
recognizes the savory tortilla stuffed with fillings. It doesn’t
have to be Tuesday, so get out
and enjoy your favorite.






Montana Women in Education Admin & Public Health

Henrietta Crockett receives star quilt from tribal members in gratitude for her advocacy work with the Montana Tuberculosis Association.
Photo: Schlesinger Library on the
History of Women in America,
Radcliffe Institute, MC433-359-2

We are living at a time when our community
public health nurses and their staff are critical to
the health and safety of our communities. As was true in most states, women in Montana were slow to be awarded positions in public education and public health—though eventually became leaders in both.

Schools were essential to the success of public health efforts, because they were ideal locations for evaluating children’s health, counseling maturing girls, and holding vaccination drives. Although the federal Sheppard-Towner Act of 1920 provided
limited funds for states to hire school nurses, public health nurses often filled this duty until statewide school funding improved. Their school visits coincided with well-baby clinics (often also held in schools), presentations on maternity care, and home health visits. Public health nurses supported superintendents’ crusades for indoor plumbing, adequate
lighting, and better ventilation in schools. They also backed superintendents’ efforts to retain nurses in each district.

By 1950, Montana had one public health nurse for almost each of its fifty-six counties. Many became leaders in their field and influenced public health policies. Pioneering public health nurse Henrietta Crockett was also executive secretary for the
Montana Tuberculosis Association and led the state’s efforts to eradicate that disease. Virginia Kenyon became the Public Health Division director for the State Board of Health and represented Montana’s nurses in state and national professional organizations.

Among Crockett’s accomplishments was the
construction of a medical wing dedicated to Native Americans at the state tuberculosis sanitarium in Galen, which had previously excluded American
Indians. In 1949, tribal members presented her with a star quilt in recognition of her advocacy.

Read more at “Expanding Their Sphere: Montana Women in
Education Administration and Public Health

“Ship of Matrimony”

Whereas most Montana brides had to economize during the Great Depression, families who could afford lavish weddings indulged.

Marian Holter, “daughter of one of Montana’s most highly esteemed families,” and Phillip Barbour, both of Helena, married on June 20, 1931, in the elegantly
decorated St. Peter’s Episcopal Church.

This “ship of matrimony” held a place of honor at the reception. The satin-covered centerpiece, saved from the bride’s parents’ wedding 31 years earlier, sports a pennant reading “Whatever the wind, whatever the weather henceforth we sail life’s seas together.”

Sail through life with the Montana Historical Society – become a member today:
Object ID:1978.62.12



Take a 10-question survey now:

Help the Montana Historical Society’s Historic Preservation Office identify emerging
preservation issues and share your opinions about how to better promote and facilitate historic preservation across the state.


Your input will be used to help prioritize issues, strategies, goals, and objectives in the
2023 Montana Preservation Plan. The survey will remain open until midnight, September 30, 2021. We appreciate your participation as we capture Montana preservationists’ diverse