THIS WEEK IN HISTORY

January 23

 

1789: The first Catholic university in the United States, Georgetown College, was founded in Georgetown, Md. (now a part of Washington, D.C.)

1849: Elizabeth Blackwell was granted a medical degree from Geneva College in New York (now known as Hobart College), becoming the first woman in U.S. history to be officially recognized as a physician.

1950: Jerusalem became the capital of Israel.

1957: Toy company Wham-O introduced the aerodynamic plastic flying disc called the Frisbee.

1960: The bathyscaphe USS Trieste broke a depth record by descending to 35,797 feet in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.

1964: The 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national

1997: Madeleine Albright became the first woman to serve as U.S. Secretary of State.

 

 

January 24

 

1848: The California Gold Rush began when James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento.

1860: French inventor Etienne Lenoir was issued a patent for the first successful internal-combustion engine.

1935: The first canned beer, Kreuger’s, was test marketed in Richmond, Va.

2003: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security officially began operation.

January 25

 

1890: New York World reporter Nellie Bly completed her round-the-world journey in 72 days.

1924: The first Winter Olympics opened at Chamonix in the French Alps.

1944: Florence Li Tim-Oi became the first woman Anglican priest when she was ordained in China.

1949: The first Emmy Awards were presented at the Hollywood Athletic Club.

1960: The National Association of Broadcasters reacted to the “payola” scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accepted money for playing particular records.

1961: President John F. Kennedy held the first televised press conference.

1979: Robert Williams, a worker at a Ford Motor Co. plant, was the first known human to be killed by a robot after the arm of a one-ton factory robot hit him in the head.

 

January 26

1915: Rocky Mountain National Park was established by an act of the U.S. Congress.

1920: The Lincoln Motor Car Co. was founded. (It was bought out two years later by Ford Motor Co.)

1960: Danny Heater set a worldwide high school basketball scoring record when he recorded 135 points for Burnsville High School in West Virginia.

1961: President John F. Kennedy appointed Janet G. Travell to be his physician, the first time a woman held the appointment of Physician to the President.

1998: On American television, President Bill Clinton denied having had “sexual relations” with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

2005: President George W. Bush appointed Condoleezza Rice secretary of state, making her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a presidential cabinet.

2015: Libby Lane (born 1966) became the first woman ordained a bishop of the Church of England.

 

 

January 27

 

1785: The University of Georgia was founded, the first public university in the United States.

1880: Thomas Edison (1847-1931) received the patent for his incandescent lamp.

1973: The Vietnam War officially ended with the signing of The Paris Peace Accords. Colonel William Nolde was killed in action to become the last recorded American combat casualty of that war.

2006: Western Union discontinued its telegram and commercial messaging services after being in business since 1851.

 

 

January 28

 

1547: King Henry VIII died in London, England.

1820: The continent of Antarctica was discovered by a Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen (1778-1852) and Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev (1788-1851).

1851: Northwestern University in Chicago became the first chartered university in Illinois.

 

January 29

1834: President Andrew Jackson ordered the first use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute,

1843: William McKinley (25th U.S. president, 1897-1901) born in Niles, Ohio.

1845: Edgar Allan Poe’s poem, The Raven, was first published in the New York Evening Mirror.

1861: Kansas was admitted as the 34th U.S. state.