1497: The bonfire of the vanities occurred in which supporters of Girolamo Savo-narola burned thousands of objects such as cosmetics, art and books in Florence, Italy.
1935: The board game Monopoly was invented.
1940: The second full-length animated Walt Disney film, Pinocchio, premiered.
1962: The United States banned all Cuban imports and exports.
1964: The Beatles first arrived in the United States. Their performance on The Ed Sullivan Show two days later marked the beginning of the British Invasion.
1587: Mary, Queen of Scots, was executed on suspi-cion of having been involved in the Babington Plot to mur-der her cousin, Queen Eliza-beth I.
1693: The College of Wil-liam and Mary in Williams-burg, Va., was granted a char-ter by King William III and Queen Mary II.
1910: The Boy Scouts of America was incorporated by William D. Boyce.
1922: President Warren G. Harding brought the first radio into the White House.
1924: The first state exe-cution in the United States by gas chamber took place in Nevada.
1952: Elizabeth II was proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom.
1965: Wayne Estes, a graduate of Anaconda High School in Anaconda, Mont., as well as a star basketball play-er for Utah State University and a presumed NBA draft pick, was electrocuted when he and a teammate stopped to help at a nighttime car wreck. Estes brushed against a downed power line and died instantly.
1773: William Henry Har-rison, ninth U.S. president, was born in Berkeley, Va.
1825: After no presiden-tial candidate received a ma-jority of electoral votes in the election of 1824, the U.S. House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams as president.
1861: Jefferson Davis was named president of the Con-federate States of America.
1870: President Ulysses S. Grant signed a joint resolu-tion of Congress establishing the U.S. Weather Bureau.
1942: Year-round day-light-saving time was re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy.
1950: U.S. Sen. Joseph McCarthy accused the U.S. Department of State of being filled with communists.
1965: The first U.S. com-bat troops were sent to South Vietnam.
2001: The Japanese trawler Ehime Maru was sunk by the surfacing U.S. submarine Greeneville near Hawaii, killing nine people.
1567: The second hus-band of Mary Queen of Scots, Lord Darnley, age 21, was found strangled to death in Edinburgh, Scotland, in a suspected assassination.
1861: Jefferson Davis was notified by telegraph that he had been chosen as provisional president of the Confederate States of Ameri-ca.
1870: The YWCA (Young Women’s Christian Associa-tion) was founded in New York City.
1883: Ontario, Canada’s, first free public library opened in Guelph.
1940: The Soviet Union began mass deportations of Polish citizens from occupied eastern Poland to Siberia.
1942: Sixty-five days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. government shut down civilian automo-bile production in order to produce war munitions. The first gold record was present-ed to Glenn Miller for “Chattanooga Choo Choo.”
1954: President Dwight Eisenhower warned against U.S. intervention in Vietnam.
1962: Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers (1929-1977) was exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel (1903-1971). .
1967: The 25th Amend-ment to the United States Constitution was ratified; among other things, it limits a U.S. president to two terms. 1975: Dave Alexander, bassist for Iggy and the Stooges, died of pulmonary edema (vomit in the lungs) in Ann Arbor, Mich., age 27.
1996: Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov (1963- ) in chess for the first time.
1998: Voters in Maine repealed a gay rights law passed in 1997 to become the first U.S. state to abandon such a law.
1752: Pennsylvania Hos-pital, the first hospital in the United States, was opened by Benjamin Franklin.
1790: The Religious Soci-ety of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitioned the U.S. Congress to abolish slavery.
1808: Coal was first used as a fuel for heating homes, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylva-nia.
1858: Bernadette Soubir-ous (1844-1879) saw her first of 18 visions of the Blessed Virgin Mary in a nat-ural spring in Lourdes, France. (The last occurred on July 16, 1858.)
1939: A Lockheed P-38 Lightning flew from Califor-nia to New York in seven hours two minutes, averag-ing about 428 mph.
1953: President Dwight D. Eisenhower refused a clemency appeal for convict-ed spies Julius and Ethel Ros-enberg, American citizens who supplied the Soviet Un-ion with classified infor-mation about the atomic bomb. (They were electrocut-ed at New York’s Sing Sing prison on June 19, 1953.) .
1967: A Pennsylvania Railroad employee and his companion fled in fear from a glowing object hovering a few feet above a creek bed near Milford, Ohio.
1990: Nelson Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa, after 27 years as a political prisoner. 2010: U.S. pennies with a new “union shield” design on the back were officially re-leased at a ceremony at the Abraham Lincoln Presiden-tial Library in Springfield, Ill.
881: Pope John VIII crowned Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Holy Roman Emperor.
1733: Englishman James Oglethorpe founded Georgia, the 13th of the original 13 colonies, and its first city at Savannah.
1909: The National Asso-ciation for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded in Baltimore, Md.
1914: The first stone of the Lincoln Memorial was put into place in Washington, D.C.
1935: The USS Macon, one of the two largest helium-filled airships ever built, crashed into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Califor-nia and sank, killing two of 76 crew members.
1947: A shower of mete-orites created several impact craters in Sikhote-Alin in the Soviet Union. The largest crater was 85 feet across.
1963: Construction be-gan on the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Mo.
1990: Carmen Lawrence became the first female premier in Australian history when she became premier of Western Australia.
1994: Four men broke into the National Gallery of Norway and stole Edvard Munch’s iconic painting, The Scream. (The painting was recovered undamaged on May 7, 1994.)
1999: President Bill Clin-ton was acquitted by the U.S. Senate in his impeachment trial.
2000: Charles M. Schulz, creator of the “Peanuts” com-ic strip, died in Santa Rosa, Calif., age 77.
2001: The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous-Shoemaker spacecraft touched down in the “saddle” region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
2009: The U.S. Mint is-sued the first of four new Lincoln pennies. This one has a log cabin on the back to depict his birth and early childhood. It was issued on the 200th anniversary of the 16th president’s birth at a special ceremony at LaRue County High School in Hodgenville, Ky., Lincoln’s birthplace.
1935: A jury in Fleming-ton, N.J., found Bruno Haupt-mann guilty of the 1932 kid-napping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh.
1945: U.S. and Royal Air Force bombers began a three-day firebombing air raid that destroyed the city of Dresden, Germany.
1954: Frank Selvy be-came the only NCAA Division I basketball player ever to score 100 points in a single game.
1961: A 500,000-year-old rock was discovered by Wal-lace Lane, Virginia Maxey and Mike Mikesell near Olancha, Calif., that appeared to en-case a spark plug. The anom-alous rock became known as the Coso Geode. It has since been lost.
1981: A series of sewer explosions destroyed more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Ky.
2000: The last original “Peanuts” comic strip ran in newspapers, one day after the strip’s creator, Charles M. Schulz, died.
2004: The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for As-trophysics announced the discovery of the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093. Astronomers named this star “Lucy” after The Beatles’ song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds.”
2011: For the first time in more than 100 years, the Umatilla tribe are able to hunt and kill a bison just outside Yellowstone National Park, restoring a centuries-old tradition guaranteed by the Hell Gate Treaty of 1855.
THEME: U.S. PRESIDENTS
1. Little rascal
6. 6th sense?
9. Cell status
14. “To Kill a Mockingbird” recluse
15. Most famous hobbit
18. Willow tree
19. *Smallest President
21. *”Oh Captain, My Cap-tain”
23. Prepare to shoot
24. Tulip’s early stage
25. Geological Society of America
28. Symphony member
30. Hank Williams’ “Hey Good ____”
35. *Pre-election commotion
37. Unpleasant road display
39. Actress Watts
40. Full of enthusiasm
41. Musician’s exercise
43. Seedy source of Omega-3s
44. Nine musicians
46. What those on the lam do
47. Kind of palm
50. Accepted behavior
52. *Barack Obama’s former title
53. Toothy tool
55. H+, e.g.
57. *Lincoln follower
61. First book of Old Testa-ment
65. Bye to Emmanuel Macron
66. It doesn’t mix with water
68. French wine region
69. Battery units
70. Spy org.
71. Emulate Demosthenes
72. Liberal pursuits
73. Baby goat
74. Continental money
1. Education acronym
2. Musical finale
3. Extra dry
4. Godfather’s family
5. ____gnomy or ____logy
6. Jet black
7. Have a bawl
8. Southern chicken stew
9. CISC alternative
11. Cain’s brother
12. Between dawn and noon
15. Candy in Paris
20. Spaniard without “h”
22. The Jackson 5’s “____ Be There”
24. Cole Porter’s “Begin the ____”
25. *He commanded the Un-ion army
26. Enjoy yumminess
27. Raspberry drupelets
29. *____ of office
32. Caffeine-containing nut tree, pl.
33. *Candidate’s concern
34. *First US president to resign
36. She played a TV genie
45. Group of foot bones
49. One from Laos
51. *Inspiration for Liberia’s capital
54. Beginning of a joke
56. India’s first P.M.
57. Cup of Joe
58. Detected by olfactory
59. Sword handle
60. Brooklyn players
62. Fly like an eagle
63. A fan of
64. Gets the picture
67. Roman three
Austin F. Reedy
319 California Avenue