This Week in History
1504: Michelangelo’s Statue of
David is unveiled in Florence.
1565: 1st permanent European
settlement in the US founded at
St. Augustine, Florida.
1860: Excursion steamer “Lady
Elgin” sinks after being rammed in
a storm on Lake Michigan drowning about 300. Largest loss of life on
the Great Lakes.
1894: Employed by Thomas Edison, William K.L. Dickson films first
boxing match at West Orange,
New Jersey, an exhibition between world heavyweight champion James J. Corbett and Peter Courtney.
1930: American inventor Richard Gurley Drew creates Scotch tape.
1776: Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (from the United Colonies)
1836: Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes his influential essay “Nature” in the U.S., outlining his beliefs in
1839: English scientist and astronomer John Herschel takes first glass plate photograph.
1913: Russian pilot Pyotr Nesterov becomes the first pilot to fly a loop,
doing so in his Nieuport IV monoplane; he is arrested for ten days for endangering government property
1924: Hanapepe Massacre occurs
on Kauai, Hawaii.
1942: 1st bombing on continental.
U.S. soil at Mount Emily, Oregon
during WWII by Japanese planes.
506: 35 bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde, shedding light on the moral conditions
of the clergy and laity in southern France.
1776: George Washington asks
for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale
1846: Elias Howe takes out a
U.S. patent for a lockstitch sewing
1918: Players on both sides threaten to strike the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners & $1,000 each for the losers.
1945: Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months
before choking to death.
1853: 1st electric telegraph used – Merchant’s Exchange, San Francisco
to Pt Lobos, California.
1903: The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
1914: W. C. Handy “Father of the Blues” publishes his most famous composition “St Louis Blues.”
1967: “The Carol Burnett Show”
starring Carol Burnett premieres
on CBS-TV in the U.S.
1933: Leó Szilárd, waiting for a
red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a
nuclear chain reaction.
1940: Four teens, following their
dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the
Lascaux Cave Paintings.
1959: “Bonanza” premieres on NBC.
1970: Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna 16 launched to the moon.
1981: “The Smurfs” animated
cartoon series by Hanna-Barbara first broadcasts in North America.
122: Building begins on Hadrian’s Wall, Northern England.
1224: Francis of Assisi is afflicted
with stigmata after a vision praying.
on Mount Verna.
1789: 1st loan to US government
(from NYC banks).
1849: 1st U.S. prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy).
1883: Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses
1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia.
1922: The Straw Hat Riot begins in New York City as people protest the right to wear straw hats beyond the accepted end date of September 15.
1716: 1st lighthouse in American colonies lit at Boston Harbor
1814: Francis Scott Key pens the poem “Defence of Fort M’Henry”, later known as “The Star-Spangled Banner” while witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry.
1891: “Empire State Express” train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
1936: 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter
Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University
Hospital in Washington D.C.
1939: World’s 1st practical heli-
copter, the VS-300 designed by Igor Sikorsky takes (tethered) flight in Stratford, Connecticut.
Public History — Public Health in Montana
Montana History Revealed—July 14, 2021
Montana’s role in vaccine development had early beginnings in this historic public health building in Hamilton.
Completed in 1928, the Board of Entomology Laboratory was purchased by the federal Public Health Service in 1932, and then renamed Rocky Mountain Laboratories (RML).
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) took control in 1937, and this Collegiate Gothic style structure is now known as
“Building 1” in the expansive RML campus.
Photo: Rocky Mountain Laboratories Historical Collection.
Scourges including smallpox, typhoid fever, and contaminated drinking water ravaged the West’s inhabitants.
Disease impacted many of Montana’s settlements, and left particularly devastating and lasting impacts on tribal nations. Like COVID-19 today, diseases throughout Montana’s history disproportionately impacted native people. Despite the need, Congress did not codify provisions for health care to all federally recognized nations until the Snyder Act
of 1921. No statewide public health entity existed in
Montana until 1901, when the Legislature established the Montana State Board
Between 1864 and 1901, Montana laws vested the responsibility for public health to local jurisdictions, but retained a few basic health-related laws. The 1866 Montana Territorial Legislature exempted “all squares and lots dedicated or kept open for health” from taxation. A year later, the Civil Practice Act deemed “anything which is injurious to health…the subject of an action.” Child’s Health Primer sat on every school’s bookshelf, and the state seated a Board of
Examiners to regulate and certify medical practitioners by 1889. Municipalities could appoint local health boards and establish quarantines, and by 1895, Montana Codes provided that the state could detain people on the grounds of public health. Montana’s 1895 laws also codified the establishment and duties of County Boards of Health to guard against contagious or infectious diseases.
Montana’s Seventh Legislative Assembly created the State Board of Health of Montana (BOH) in 1901. The Board had “the general care of the sanitary interests of the people” and authorized “sanitary investigations and inquiries respecting the causes of disease – especially epidemics, the causes of mortality and the influence of locality, employment, habits, and other circumstances and conditions, upon the health of the people.” Concerns included Rocky Mountain spotted fever; tuberculosis; food and drug safety; storm sewers; infant, maternal and child health; a lack of local health officials; and sanitation in schools, at tourist facilities, and on passenger trains. Over the next few decades, the BOH expanded to multiple divisions and oversaw advancements in many areas including research, epidemiology, sanitation, licensing, and public health education.4
Excerpt from “Public
History, Public Health”
FREE WHEEL CHAIR
Jazzy electric wheel chair. See chair, condition, and acquire more details at Venture Inn Lobby.
Senior discounts. New, remodel, roofs, decks, concrete, paint, drywall, tile, all phases.
Fire-wise fuel reduction, road building,
ATV trails, etc. All
phase excavation work.
Custom fitted outdoor,
RV, boat, and antique
furniture slip covers.
Looking for any
electrical jobs you
need done. Call Mitch:
Westgate Animal Clinic
Dr. Fred Conkel
293-2300 or 295-1234
Dogs and Cats.
3 bedroom on one acre. Wildlife, private, one mile to hospital. $1500 + Dep.
Pet considered 293-7424
3+ Bedroom, small
pasture, wood & electric heat, well, septic, large fenced backyard, shade, fruit trees, close to hospital.$1200 + Deposit.
Bull Lake Rod & Gun
Water, electricity, private dock, bathroom facilities, perfect for weddings,
family gatherings and weekend get-a-ways.
Call Mark at 295-4994.
Former Libby resident seekds small house or trailer ASAP. Maximum rent $800. Non-smoker, no pets, prefer Libby but Troy or Noxon areas ok. 515-474-9059
Home For Sale
3+ bedroom home, well, septic, wood & electric heat, 1 mile to hospital. Fenced, shady back yard. Fruit trees, large shed, garage, carport. Small pasture in rear with extra income possibilities. $369,300. Possible owner terms with large down payment. 293-7424.
Stonecraft Boat & Motor.
$2,000 or best offer.
Call Vernon at 293-9248.
Goldwing 2004 GL 1800, communication system included. 293-1010.
Ruger Precision, 6.5
Creedmoor with Vortex.
5 to 25 optics. $1,600.
Three leghorns, one banty, one rooster, three eight-year old ponies. Looking for new home.
Call for details. 293-7266.
Needed: Hunting Guide for 2021 Archery/Rifle Season with Libby Silver Bow Outfitters. Must have experience in both archery and rifle. Dependable 4WD vehicle required.
$250 per day. Room and board included.
Contact Len Howells at
(406) 293-4868 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Will teach house painting. Possibility of small rental for $350 per month
404 West 10th St, Libby
Friday, September 10,
8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.
Saturday, September 11
8:30 a.m. – 12:00 noon
NO EARLY BIRDS
Mixture of items.
8:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.
118 Skyline Court (1 mile off Kootenai River Road)
Household, tools, furniture and much more.
The Blue Bear
Located inside MJ’s
Fabulous Finds, at 408
Mineral Avenue in Libby.
Thursdays & Fridays, 10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m
10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.
Little bit of everything!
Yellow tea set, brown paint canning jars, vases, lamps, reading lamps, beautiful blue rocking cradle, mother duck w/ducklings ornaments, very pretty wooden picture frames, yarn. Dry Life freeze dried vegetables and fruits (fully sealed). Doterra essential oils, shampoo, conditioner, face wash, and hand cream. Sofa, wooden chairs, a tricycle, and
bicycles. Call Ida for more info at 208-620-0170.
Libby and Troy fall within a current EPA superfund site involving asbestos contamination. For more information about results of a property or general information about
asbestoses call the
Notice of Hearing
on Name Change
Montana 19th Judicial Court, Lincoln County
In the matter of the
Name Change of Rachael Michelle Hart-Daniel.
Cause No.: DV-21-156
Dept. No.: Matthew J. Cuffe, Judge
Notice of Hearing on Name Change
This is notice that
Petitioner has asked the District Court for a change of name from Rachael Michelle Hart-Daniel
to TomiRae Evangeline Hart-Daniel. The hearing will be on 10/04/2021
at 11:00 a.m. The hearing will be at the Courthouse in Lincoln County.
Clerk of District Court
By: Kelsi Chambers,
Deputy Clerk of Court
The Montanian on
September 8, 15, 22
and 29, 2021.
Hosted by the
American Red Cross,
“Be Red Cross Ready”
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Build confidence by
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prepare and protect your family. It’s easy to learn through one of these free preparedness trainings.
To learn more about
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schedule a presentation,
To register for virtual presentations,
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of each month,
log in at:
For further information,